BPCT Publications

2017 Walker, R.H. ,King, A.J, McNutt, JW& N. R. Jordan. Sneeze to leave:  African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) use variable quorum thresholds facilitated by sneezes in collective decisions. Proc. R. Soc. B 20170347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.0347.

2017 Jordan NR, Buse C, Wilson AM, Apps PJ, Golabek KA, Lowe JC, Van der Weyde LK, & McNutt JW. (in press). Dynamics of direct inter-pack encounters in endangered African wild dogs. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.

2017  Abrahms, B., Seidel, D.P., Dougherty, E., Hazen, E.L., Bograd, S.J., Wilson, A.M., McNutt, J.W., Costa, D.P., Blake, S., Brashares, J.S. and Getz, W.M. Suite of simple metrics reveals common movement syndromes across vertebrate taxa. Movement Ecology, 5(12): 1-11. DOI: 10.1186/s40462-017-0104-2.

2017 Woodroffe,  R, Groom, R, & J.W. McNutt . Hot dogs: high ambient temperatures impact reproductive success in a tropical carnivore. J. Animal Ecology2017:1-10.

2017 Rogan, M.S., Lindsey, P.A., Tambling, C. J., Golabek, K.A., Chase M.,& McNutt, JW. Illegal bushmeat hunters compete with predators, threatening herbivore populations in a global tourism hotspot. Biological Conservation 210: 233-242

2017  Rich, L. N. Miller, D.A.W., Robinson, H.S. , McNutt, J. W.,  Kelly, M.J.  Carnivore distributions in Botswana are shaped by resource availability and intraguild species. J. Zoology doi:10.1111/jzo.12470

2017 Wilson, A.M. ,Golabek, K., Buse, C., Lowe, J.C., Bennitt, E., Bartlam-Brooks, H.L.A., Amos, S., Jordan, N.R., McNutt, J.W., & Hubel, T. (accepted).  Use of solar cells to enhance performance of wildlife collars on large African mammals. Methods in Ecology & Evolution 

2017 Torrents Ticó, M., Rich, L., McNutt, J.W., Nnthomiwa, M., Mothala, M., Motsamai, G. & Jordan, N.R. (in press). On the right track: comparing concurrent spoor and camera-traps surveys in Botswana. African Journal of Wildlife Research

2017 Jackson, C., R. Groom,  N.R. Jordan & J.W.McNutt. The effect of relatedness and pack size on territory overlap in African wild dogs. Movement Ecol. 5:10

2017  Gilfillan G. D.,McNutt, J. W., Vitale J. D.T., McComb, K. Spontaneous discrimination of urine odours in wild African lions (Panthera leo) .  Anim.Behav. 26: 17 -185.

2017 Apps, P.J, M. Claase, B. Yexley, & J.W. McNutt. Responses of wild African carnivores to the odour of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutanol, a component of wildcat and leopard urine. Journal of Ethology, 35(2), 153-159

2017 Dewhirst, O.P., Roskilly, K., Hubel, T.Y., Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K.A., McNutt, J.W. & Wilson, A.M.  An exploratory clustering approach for extracting stride parameters from tracking collars on free-ranging wild animals. Journal of Experimental Biology doi:10.1242/jeb.146035

2017 Chaber, A.Cozzi, G.Broekhuis, F., Hartley, R., & McNutt , J.W. Serosurvey for selected viral pathogens among sympatric species of the African large predator guild in northern Botswana. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 53(1):170-75. https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:90873f89-0f0e-42b5-9027-5b631bd74169

2016 Abrahms, B., Sawyer, S.C., Jordan, N.R., McNutt, J.W., Wilson, A.M. and Brashares, J. S. Does wildlife resource selection accurately inform corridor conservation? Journal of Applied Ecology, doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12714

2016 Abrahms, B., Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K.A., McNutt, J.W., Wilson, A.M. & Brashares, J.S.  Lessons from integrating behaviour and resource selection: activity-specific responses of African wild dogs to roads. Animal Conservation 19: 247–255. doi:10.1111/acv.12235

2016  Lindsey N. Rich, Marcella J. Kelly, David A.W. Miller, J. Weldon McNutt and Hugh S. Robinson.  Occupancy and range extension of the Cape fox in northern Botswana. Canid Biology and Conservation http://canids.org/CBC/19/Cape_fox_in_Botswana.pdf

2016 Geoffrey Gilfillan, Jessica Vitale, John Weldon McNutt, Karen McComb. Cross-modal individual recognition in wild African lions. Biology letters 12 20160323; DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0323. http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/12/8/20160323

2016 Rich, L. N. Miller, D.A.W., Robinson, H.S. , McNutt, J. W., Kelly, M.J. Evaluating the Spatial Ecology of Wildlife at Community, Group and Species-Specific Scales. Journal of Applied Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12650.

2016 Hubel, T., Myatt, J., Jordan, N.J., Dewhirst, O.P., McNutt, J. W.& Alan M. Wilson. Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs. Nature Communications 7:11033. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11033.

2016 Hubel, T., Myatt, J., Jordan, N.J., Dewhirst, O.P., McNutt, J. W.& Alan M. Wilson. 2016. Energy cost and return for hunting in African wild dogs and cheetahs Nature Communications 7:11034. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11034.

2016 Apps, P.J. Does Deconvolution Help to Disentangle the Complexities of Mammal Odors? Chap.28, pp. 415-433. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. Ed. BA Schulte, T Goodwin & M Ferkin. New York: D. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

2016 Jordan, N.R., Apps, P.J., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. Pair-specific scents in African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus, and an example of a potential method to identify signals within complex mixtures. Chap. 30, pp. 461-476. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. Ed. BA Schulte, T Goodwin & M Ferkin. New York: D. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

2015 Pomilia, M.A., McNutt, J.W. & Jordan, N.R. (2015) Ecological predictors of African wild dog ranging patterns in northern Botswana. Journal of Mammalogy, 96(6):1214-1223.

2015 Cozzi, G., Börger, L., Hutter, Abegg, D., Beran, C., McNutt, J.W, & Ozgul, A. Effect of trophy hunting leftovers on the ranging behaviour of large carnivores: A case study on spotted hyenas. PLOSOne| DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0121471 March 20, 2015.

2015 Stein, A.B., Bourquin, S.L. & McNutt, J.W. Avoiding intraguild competition: Leopard feeding ecology and prey caching in Northern Botswana. African Journal of Wildlife Research 45(2): 247–257

2014 McNutt, J W & J. Bradley. Report on Kwando (Botswana) Vulture poisoning investigation: 16 November 2013.Vulture News 66:35-41.

2014 Broekhuis, F., Grünewälder, S, McNutt, J.W., Macdonald, D.W. Optimal hunting conditions drive circa-lunar behaviour of a diurnal carnivore. Behavioural Ecology25 (5): 1268-1275doi:10.1093/beheco/aru122

2014 Jordan, N.R, Apps, P.J., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. Top marks from top dogs: An evaluation of overmarking and pair-bond advertisement in dominant pairs of African wild dogs. Animal Behaviour 88: 211-217.

2014 Apps, P.J., L. Mmualefe, N. R Jordan, K A Golabek, JW McNutt. The "tomcat compound" 3- mercapto-3-methylbutanol occurs in the urine of free-ranging leopards but not in African lions or cheetahs. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 53: 17–19.

2013 Cozzi, G., Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J.W. B. Schmid. Density and habitat use of lions and spotted hyenas in northern Botswana and the influence of survey and ecological variables on call-in survey estimation.Biodiversity and Conservation.(DOI) 10.1007/s10531-013-0564-7.

2013 Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K.A., Apps, P.J., Gilfillan, G.D. and McNutt, J.W. Scent marking and overmarking in free-ranging packs of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Ethology 119: 1–9.

2013 Wilson, A., J C Lowe, K Roskilly, P E Hudson, K A. Golabek, & J. W. McNutt. Locomotion dynamics of hunting in wild cheetahs .Nature, 498(13 June):185-189.

2013 Apps, P. Review: Are mammal olfactory signals hiding right under our noses? Naturwissenschaften: DOI 10.1007/s00114-013-1054-1

2013 Packer, C. et al. & J.W.McNutt, et al.Conserving Large Carnivores: Dollars and Fence. Ecology Letters. Volume 16, Issue 5, pages 635–641, May 2013

2013 Lindsey, P., Balme, G., Becker, M., Begg, C., Bento, C., Bocchino, C., Dickman, A., Diggle, R., Eves, H., Fearnhead, P., Henschel, P., Lewis, D., Marnewick, K., Mattheus, J., McNutt, J.W., McRobb, R., Midlane, N., Milanzi, J., Morley, R., Murphree, M., Nyoni, P., Opyene, V., Phadima, J., Purchase, N., Rentsch, D., Roche, C., Shaw, J., van der Westhuizen, H., Van Vliet, N., Zisadza, P. Illegal hunting and the bush-meat trade in African savannas: drivers, impacts and possible solutions. Biol. Conserv.160 (2013) 80–96

2013 Cozzi, G. ,Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J.W., Turnbull, L.A., Schmid, B. Comparison of the effects of artificial and natural barriers on large African carnivores: Implications for inter-specific relationships and connectivity. J. Anim. Ecology, doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12039

2013 Broekhuis, F., Cozzi, G.,Valeix, M., McNutt, J.W., Macdonald, D.W. Risk avoidance in sympatric large carnivores: reactive or predictive? J. Animal Ecology May 20. doi: 10.1111/1365- 2656.12077.

2012 Apps, P, Mmualefe, L. & McNutt, J.W. Identification of volatiles from the secretions and excretions of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). J. Chemical Ecol.38(11):1450-1461

2012 Cozzi, G. ,Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J.W., Turnbull, L.A., Macdonald, D.W., Schmid, B. Fear of the dark or dinner by moonlight? Reduced temporal partitioning among Africa’s large carnivores. Ecology 93,(12): 2590-2599

2012 Apps, P. & Mmualefe, L. .A versatile cryo-focussing flow switching gas chromatography inlet for trace analysis.Journal of Chromatography A, Vol.1257,(28) 2012, 171–188

2012 Apps, P. ,Mmualefe, L. & McNutt, J.W. A reverse engineering approach to identifying which compounds to bioassay for signaling activity in the scent marks of African wild dogs (Lycaonpictus). Proceedings of the Chemical Signals in Vertebrates XII Conference, Berlin. Aug 2011.

2012 Jackson, C., McNutt, J.W. & Apps ,P. Managing the ranging behaviour of wild dogs using translocated scent marks. Wildlife Research39,31-34.

2012 Grünewälder, S., Broekhuis,F. , D. W. Macdonald, A. Wilson, J.W. McNutt, J. Shawe-Taylor, S. Hailes. Movement activity based classification of animal behaviour with an application to data from cheetah (Acinonyxjubatus). PLoS ONE.P 7(11): e49120 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049120

2012 Prager, KC, J. A.K. Mazet, L. Munson, S. Cleaveland, C. A. Donnelly, E. J. Dubovi, M. Szykman Gunther, R. Lines, M. Mills, H. T. Davies-Mostert, J. W. McNutt, G. Rasmussen, K.Terio, R. Woodroffe. The effect of protected areas on pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) populations.Biol. Conserv.:150:15-22.

2012 McNutt, J. W., & M.Gusset. Declining body size in an endangered large mammal. Biol. J. Linnean Soc.:105, 8–12

2012 Marsden, C., Woodroffe, R., Mills, M.,McNutt, J. Creel, S.Groom, R., Masenga, E., Cleaveland,S., Kat, P.,Rasmussen, G.,Ginsberg, J., Lines, R., André, J.,Begg, C., Wayne, R., & Mable, B. Spatial and temporal patterns of neutral and adaptive genetic variation in the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Molecular Ecology:Volume 21, Issue 6, pages 1379–1393.

2011 McNutt, J.W., Mills, M.G.L., McCreery, K., Rasmussen, G., Robbins, R. & Woodroffe, R. Lycaon pictus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.Version 2011.2.<www.iucnredlist.org>. 24 November 2011.

2011 Webster, H., McNutt, J.W. & McComb, K. African wild dogs as a fugitive species: playback experiments investigate how wild dogs respond to their major competitors. Ethology117:1-10

2010 Alexander,K. A. & McNutt. J.W. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human–animal interface. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment e-View.doi: 10.1890/090057

2010 Webster, H., J. W. McNutt & K. McComb. Eavesdropping and Risk Assessment Between Lions, Spotted Hyenas and African Wild Dogs. Ethology 116 233–239

2009 Webster, H. Wild Dogs Vs Lions: The secret struggle for supremacy on Africa's plains BBC Wildlife July 27 (7)

2009 Gusset, M., M.J. Swarner, L. Mponwane, K. Keletile and J.W. McNutt. Human–wildlife conflict in northern Botswana: livestock predation by Endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus and other carnivores. Oryx43(1), 1–6.

2009 Marsden, C.D., B. K. Mable, R. Woodroffe, G.S.A. Rasmussen, S. Cleaveland, M. Emmanuel, R. Thomas, J.W.McNutt, L. J. Kennedy.Highly endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) lack variation at the major histocompatibility complex. J.Heredity 100: S54-S65.

2008 Alexander, K.A., McNutt, J.W., Briggs, M.B., Standers, P.E., Funston, P, Hemson, G., Keet, D., and van Vuuren, M. Multi-host pathogens and carnivore management in southern Africa.CompImmunol.Microbiol. Infect. Dis.698:1-17.

2008 McNutt, J.W., M. Parker, M. J. Swarner& M. Gusset. Adoption as a conservation tool for endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). South African Journal of Wildlife Research 38(2): 109–112.

2008 McNutt,J.W. & SILK, J.B.. Pup production, sex ratios, and survivorship in African wild dogs, (Lycaon pictus). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 62: 1061–1067.

2004 McNutt, J. W., M. G. L. Mills, K. McCreery, G. S. A. Rasmussen, R. Robbins, & R. Woodroffe. 2004. Lycaon pictus. Pp. 1-9 in 2004 Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN ed.). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

2004 Boggs, L. Community-based natural resource management in the Okavango Delta. In: Rights, Resources & Rural Development : Community-based natural resource management in Southern Africa. Fabricius, C. & Koch, E.(eds.). Earthscan , London. pp147-159.

2004 Creel, S., M.G.L. Mills, J.W.McNutt. Demography and Population Dynamics of African Wild Dogs in Three Critical Ecosystems. In: The Biology & Conservation of Wild Canids, D.W.Macdonald & C. Sillero-Zubiri, eds. Oxford University Press.

2002 McNutt, J.W. & L.P.Boggs. Another Family Dog: The social life of African wild dogs. Africa Geographic 10 (9) 38-49.

2001 McNutt, J.W. African wild dogs in northern Botswana. In: Report of Proceedings of the National Technical Predator Management and Conservation Workshop in Botswana. DWNP. October 9- 12. pp18-24.

2001 McNutt, J.W. Estimating wildlife populations: Sampling and extrapolation. In: Report of Proceedings of the National Technical Predator Management and Conservation Workshop in Botswana. DWNP. October 9-12. pp54-61.

2001 Girman, D., C. Vilà, E. Geffen, S. Creel, M. Mills, J.W.McNutt, J.R. Ginsberg, P. Kat, Mamiya & R. Wayne. Patterns of population subdivision, gene flow and genetic variability in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Molecular Ecology 10 (7), 1703-1723.

2000 McNutt, J.W. Pack Power: African wild dog behaviour. BBC Wildlife 18 (2): 14 - 20.

2000 Boggs L.P. Community Power, Participation, Conflict and Development Choice: community wildlife conservation in the Okavango region of Northern Botswana. Evaluating Eden Series, Paper 17, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

1997 Hamilton, Wm. J. III, McNutt, J.W. Determinants of conflict outcomes. Ch.6 In: Perspectives in Ethology. Vol. 12. Owings, D.H., Clark N., & Beecher, M. (eds.) Plenum Press, New York. Pp.179- 224.

1996 McNutt, J.W. Adoption in African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). J.Zool., Lond. 240:163-173.

1996 McNutt, J.W. Sex-biased dispersal in African wild dogs, (Lycaon pictus). Anim. Behav. 52:1067-1077.

1996 McNutt, J.W. & L. P. Boggs. Running Wild: Dispelling the Myths of the African Wild Dog. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 149p.

1996 Osofsky, S. A., McNutt, J. W. & Hirsch, K.J. Immobilization of free-ranging African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) using a ketamine/xylazine/atropine combination. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 27: 528-532.

1995 McNutt, J.W. Sociality and dispersal of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Ph.D. Dissertation. University of California, Davis, CA

1995 Alexander, K.A., P.W. Kat, C. House, M. K. Laurenson, J.W. McNutt, S.J. O’Brien, & B.I. Osburn. African horse sickness and African carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology 47:133-140.

1995 Ginsberg, J.R., K.A. Alexander, S. Creel, P.W. Kat, J.W. McNutt, & M.G.L. Mills. Handling and survivorship in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus): A survey of five ecosystems. Conserv. Biol. 9: 665-674.

1994 Alexander, K.A., N.J. MacLachlan, P.W. Kat, C. House, S.J. O’Brien, N.W. Lerche, M. Sawyer, L.G. Frank, K. Holecamp, L. Smale, J.W. McNutt, M.K. Laurenson, M.G.L. Mills, & B.I. Osburn. Evidence of natural bluetongue virus infection among African carnivores. Am J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 51: 568-576.

1993 Boggs, L.P. & J.W. McNutt. Running wild: A close look at Botswana’s painted wolves. Afr. Env. Wildl. 2: 28-36.

1992 Fuller, T. K., P.W. Kat, J.B. Bulger, A.H. Maddock, J.W. Ginsberg, R.Burrows, J.W.McNutt, & M.G.L. Mills. Population dynamics of African wild dogs. In: Wildlife 2001: Populations. D.R. McCullough & R.H. Barrett, (eds.). London. Elsevier Applied Science. Pp.1125-1138.

Project Dissertations

1994 Alexander, K . PhD Dissertation. University of California, Davis

1995 McNutt, J.W. Sociality and dispersal of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). PhD Dissertation. University of California, Davis, CA

1996 Boggs, L. Social factors that influence attitudes towards wildlife, its utilization, and community wildlife conservation in northern Botswana. MA Thesis, McGill University, Montreal

2007 Webster, H. Vocal communication and cognitive abilities in a "fugitive" species: the African wild dog. PhD Dissertation. University of Sussex, UK

2008. Swarner (Muir), M. Factors associated with wild predator conflict in rangelands with free-ranging livestock in western Botswana. PhD Dissertation. University of California, Davis

2009 Parker, M. N. Territoriality and scent marking behavior of African wild dogs in northern Botswana. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT.

2011 Pomilia, Matthew. Intraspecific variation in African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) ranging patterns in northern Botswana. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, MSc Dissertation.

2013 Cozzi, G. Patterns of Habitat Use and Segregation Among African Large Carnivores. PhD Dissertation. University of Zurich

2013 Broekhuis, F. Niche segregation by cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) as a mechanism for co-existence with lion (Panthera leo) and spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta). PhD Dissertation. Oxford University

2013 Stoner, K. Changes in Pastoralist Attitiudes Toward Carnivores in Botswana’s Okavango Delta. MSc. Yale University

2016 Rich, L. - PhD thesis; Monitoring and Conserving Carnivore Communities across Northern Botswana, Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, VA

2016 Abrahms, B.L. PhD thesis: The Ecology and Conservation of Animal Movement in Changing Land- and Seascapes. UC Berkeley

Recently Submitted Papers for Review or in Revision:

------ McNutt ,J.W.,  Woodroffe, R,&  Groom, R. (in review). High ambient temperatures provide an adaptive explanation for seasonal reproduction in a tropical mammal. J. Zool.London

-----  McNutt, JW, A. B. Stein, L.P. Boggs-McNutt & N. R. Jordan. (submitted). Living on the Edge: Characteristics of Human-Wildlife Conflict in a traditional livestock community in Botswana.Wildlife Research.

-----   Gilfillan G. D.,McNutt, J. W., Vitale J. D.T., McComb, K. (submitted). Scent-marking behaviour of wild African lions (Panthera leo). Ethology

------ Rogan, M.S., Lindsey, P.A., & McNutt. JW.  (inrevision). Socio-economic drivers and potential solutions of illegal bushmeat hunting in the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

-----  Walker, R.H. ,King, A.J, McNutt, JW& N. R. Jordan. (submitted). Sneeze to leave: Do African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) use variable quorum thresholds facilitated by sneezes in collective decisions? Anim. Behav.